Synoptic and Mesoscale Analysis of Satellite Images - 2016

61 Minutes

Andreas Wirth and Liliane Hofer (ZAMG)

Frontal Substructures

Published: 1 February 2017

When observing the development of frontal zones in satellite imagery, forecasters should always keep an eye on frontal sub-structures like upper waves, front intensifications or rapid cyclogenesis. It is important to look for frontal substructures, because they often show new developments. NWP models sometimes catch the situation, sometimes not. Especially for rapid or small scale developments, model performance may leave a lot to be desired.

Here we focus on comparison of model outputs and satellite data regarding frontal substructures. Because the data are easily compared and show great results, satellite images are a good tool for model output verification.

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Filed under Keywords:

wave, upper wave, jet wave, occlusion, front decay, front intensification, jet streak, simulated satellite imagery